Financial Planning Basics: Creating and Maintaining a Budget

Kevin Orsinger |
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Whether you’re earning a six-figure salary or just out of college, many people feel budgeting is essential. Especially with the current economic climate, having a budget that you stick to may help keep spending under control, improve your savings, help you plan for retirement or other future goals, and keep debt manageable.

In many cases, creating the budget is the easy part, but actually using the budget is more challenging. To stick to your plan, consider changing your mindset around budgeting, and think of it as another tool you can use to pursue your financial goals.

So how do you create a functioning budget you can use for the coming months and years? Here are a few ideas:

Personalize It

You don’t have to accept the default categories that budgeting templates offer. If you enjoy dinners out more than travel, you may want to include dining out as a category. If your interests change down the road, you can always add or change your categories to fit your lifestyle.

Consider One-Off and Incidental Expenses

While you may be aware of what you’re spending on your bills, clothing, or entertainment, unexpected expenses can potentially derail your budget if not adequately accounted for. Things like emergency trips to the vet, a sudden school expense, or a replacement vehicle if your car suddenly dies. These things happen, and to account for them, you should include them in any budget you create.

Include Realistic Income Projections

When budgeting your income, it should be the income you know or reasonably expect to earn. Avoid estimating commissions you could earn, a potential year-end bonus that you may or may not receive, or income from a side job you intend to start, but haven’t yet. Aim only to include the income that you are actually earning.

Create an “Actual” Column

At the end of each month, try taking some time to enter all of your actual expenses and compare them to your budgeted amount. If you’re under, great! If not, see if there are ways to adjust your budget, or scale back your spending.

Review and Revise

Like everything in life, things change from year to year, sometimes day to day. Regularly review your budget so that it reflects your current situation, goals, and preferred lifestyle. Be open to making changes, adding or removing categories, or even adjusting budgeted amounts.


This content is developed from sources believed to be providing accurate information. The information provided is not written or intended as tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for purposes of avoiding any Federal tax penalties. Individuals are encouraged to seek advice from their own tax or legal counsel. Individuals involved in the estate planning process should work with an estate planning team, including their own personal legal or tax counsel. Neither the information presented nor any opinion expressed constitutes a representation by us of a specific investment or the purchase or sale of any securities. Asset allocation and diversification do not ensure a profit or protect against loss in declining markets. This material was developed and produced by Advisor Websites to provide information on a topic that may be of interest. Copyright 2022 Advisor Websites.